2019年世界献血者日预告

  • 发布日期:2019.04.10
  • 作者:世界卫生组织
  • 浏览:2478次

2019年世界献血者日


        人人享有安全血液


        今年的6月14日,全世界将再次庆祝世界献血者日。通过这个活动感谢自愿无偿献血者献出可挽救生命的礼物——血液,同时提高人们对定期献血必要性的认识,以确保所有个人和社区都能及时获得安全、质量有保证且可负担的血液和血液制品。这是全民健康覆盖必不可少的组成部分,也是有效卫生系统的要素。

        

        输注血液和血液制品每年挽救数百万生命。血液和血液制品对恰当管理以下人群必不可少:与怀孕和分娩有关的出血妇女;因疟疾和营养不良而严重贫血的儿童;血液和骨髓疾病、遗传性血红蛋白紊乱和免疫缺陷疾病患者;创伤、紧急情况、灾难和事故受害者;以及接受先进医疗和外科手术的患者。尽管对血液和血液制品的需求是普遍存在的,但各国之间和各国内部获得安全血液和血液制品的水平存在显著差异。在许多国家,血液服务面临额外挑战,即在确保其质量和安全的同时,提供充足的血液和血液制品。

        

        2005年5月,在第五十八届世界卫生大会期间,各国卫生部长一致声明致力于实现和支持自愿献血。通过WHA58.13号决议,他们将6月14日定为世界献血者日,每年都举行活动。该决议还敦促会员国在适当的监管监督下实施和支持组织良好、全国协调和可持续的血液规划。这就要求各国政府为提供和扩大高质量的献血服务提供足够资金,以便收集足够多的安全血液满足患者需要。2009年,来自40个国家的输血医学专家、决策者和非政府代表制定了《墨尔本宣言》,确立到2020年所有国家所有血液供应来自自愿无偿献血者的目标。

        

        活动的重点


        今年活动的主题是献血和普及安全输血,这是实现全民健康覆盖的一个组成部分。我们的口号是“人人享有安全血液”,目的是使人们认识到在提供医疗保健过程中普遍需要安全血液而自愿献血在实现全民健康覆盖目标中发挥着关键作用。这一主题强烈鼓励全世界更多人成为献血者并定期献血。这些行动是为足以满足所有需输血患者需求的可持续血液供应奠定坚实基础的关键。

        

        世界献血者日及其主题也呼吁各国政府、国家卫生主管部门和血液服务部门采取行动,提供充足资源,并建立系统和基础设施,以增加来自自愿、经常性无偿献血者的血液采集,提供优质的献血者护理,促进和实施临床适当用血,并建立对整个输血链条进行监督监测的制度。

        

        今年活动的目标是:

        

        ●庆祝和感谢献血者,鼓励尚未献血者开始献血;

        ●强调坚持全年献血的必要性,保持充足供应,实现普遍、及时获得安全输血;

        ●将关注重点放在献血者健康和献血者护理质量上,这是他们承诺并愿意定期捐赠的关键因素;

        ●证明普遍获得安全输血的必要性,并宣传其在提供有效医疗保健和实现全民健康覆盖目标方面的作用;

        ●在国家、区域和全球各级动员各国政府和发展伙伴的支持,投资发展、加强和维持国家血液规划。


         活动主办国

        2019年世界献血者日活动主办国是卢旺达。全球主会场活动将于2019年6月14日在卢旺达基加利举行。 



        

World Blood Donor Day 2019


        Safe blood for all. 14 June 2019


        This year, World Blood Donor Day will once again be celebrated around the world on 14 June. The event serves to thank voluntary, unpaid blood donors for their life-saving gifts of blood and also to raise awareness of the need for regular blood donations to ensure that all individuals and communities have access to affordable and timely supplies of safe and quality-assured blood and blood products, as an integral part of universal health coverage and a key component of effective health systems.

        

        Transfusion of blood and blood products save millions of lives every year. Blood and blood products are essential components in the proper management of women suffering from bleeding associated with pregnancy and childbirth; children suffering from severe anaemia due to malaria and malnutrition; patients with blood and bone marrow disorders, inherited disorders of haemoglobin and immune deficiency conditions; victims of trauma, emergencies, disasters and accidents; as well as patients undergoing advanced medical and surgical procedures. Although the need for blood and blood products is universal, there is a marked difference in the level of access to safe blood and blood products across and within countries. In many countries, blood services face the additional challenge of making sufficient blood and blood products available, while also ensuring its quality and safety.

        

        In May 2005, during the Fifty-Eighth World Health Assembly, ministers of health from across the world made a unanimous declaration of commitment and support towards voluntary blood donation. Through resolution WHA58.13, they designated World Blood Donor Day as an annual event to be held each year on 14 June. The resolution furthermore urges Member States to implement, and support well organized, nationally-coordinated and sustainable blood programmes with appropriate regulatory oversight. The support requires that governments provide adequate financing for high-quality blood donation services and for the expansion of these services so that sufficient safe blood can be collected to meet the needs of patients. In 2009, experts in transfusion medicine, policy-makers and nongovernmental representatives from 40 countries formulated the Melbourne Declaration, which set up a goal for all countries to obtain all their blood supplies from voluntary unpaid donors by 2020.

        

        Focus of this year’s campaign


        The theme of this year’s campaign is blood donation and universal access to safe blood transfusion, as a component of achieving universal health coverage. We have developed the slogan “Safe blood for all” to raise awareness of the universal need for safe blood in the delivery of health care and the crucial roles that voluntary donations play in achieving the goal of universal health coverage.  The theme strongly encourages more people all over the world to become blood donors and donate blood regularly – actions which are key to building a strong foundation of sustainable national blood supplies that are sufficient to meeting the needs of all patients requiring transfusion.

        

        The day and the theme is also a call to action to all governments, national health authorities and national blood services to provide adequate resources and put in place systems and infrastructures to increase collection of blood from voluntary, regular unpaid blood donors; to provide quality donor care; to promote and implement appropriate clinical use of blood, and to set up systems for the oversight and surveillance on the whole chain of blood transfusion.

        

        The objectives of this year’s campaign are:

        

        ●to celebrate and thank individuals who donate blood and to encourage those who have not yet donated blood to start donating;

        ●to highlight the need for committed, year-round blood donation, to maintain adequate supplies and achieve universal and timely access to safe blood transfusion;

        ●to focus attention on donor health and the quality of donor care as critical factors in building donor commitment and a willingness to donate regularly;

        ●to demonstrate the need for universal access to safe blood transfusion and provide advocacy on its role in the provision of effective health care and in achieving the goal of universal health coverage;

        ●to mobilize support at national, regional and global levels among governments and development partners to invest in, strengthen and sustain national blood programmes.


        Host for World Blood Donor Day 2019 events


        The host country for World Blood Donor Day 2019 is Rwanda. The global event will be held in Kigali, Rwanda on 14 June 2019.